Beating Batty Brain Blues

“Every moment of malfunction probably leaves its structural mark. Early or late, it is good to prevent the functional errors that lead to further damage, and to give the regenerative systems an opportunity to work.” – Ray Peat PhD

Methylene Blue (MB) has been shown to help with many conditions, and when you begin to understand Alzheimer’s disease as another possible expression of metabolic interference and suppression, that this drug has been used to improve symptoms of dementia looks less like random coincidence and more like a predictable, explainable result.

In reality, any time that stress is sufficient so as to interfere with the effective workings of mitochondrial energy systems, this can then potentially have a damaging effect upon both the form and function of cells and consequently tissues and organs, with the brain being no exception.

“The key cytopathologies in the brains of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients include mitochondrial dysfunction and energy hypometabolism…Consistently, MB is one of the most effective agents to delay senescence in normal human cells.”

Inflammation is central to the development of Alzheimer’s and the polyunsaturated fats are probably the main factor promoting the inflammatory state. Whenever metabolic energy systems are suppressed, polyunsaturated fats held in storage in tissue are released into circulation where they promote stress and interfere with cellular function.

“…prolonged inflammatory cascades lead to the activation of multiple cellular stress mechanisms that ultimately impair cell function and body metabolism. In AD, evidence arising from…studies supports that such events occur throughout disease development…”

Stress and the suppression of metabolic function promote the release of Nitric Oxide (NO) which in turn is a major factor interfering with the production of energy in the cell and proper functioning of the tissue and vice versa.

“The brain is particularly sensitive to mitochondrial dysfunction, the resulting oxidative stress, and impaired energy metabolism…”

When energy systems are damaged, many of the inflammatory substances start to become more of an issue encouraging a general state of excitation and stress – particularly in the brain – driving (and being driven by) the production of NO. Many of these factors are directly involved in the progression of Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. MB is known to inhibit NO.

“…inhibition of these neuroinflammatory signals has been shown to delay the progress of such disorders…NO and the pathways triggering its release are emerging as an important research focus in the search for strategies to prevent, halt or cure neurodegenerative diseases.”

When thyroid function is interfered with and digestion is slowed, bacterial endotoxin [LPS] is absorbed into the system at an increasing rate promoting inflammation, causing levels of the stress substances – serotonin, histamine and estrogen – to rise, and significantly increasing the production of NO. All of these things interact in a manner which inhibits oxidative energy systems and can promote the kind of stressful conditions associated with neurodegeneration.

“Neuroinflammation is therefore key in AD. Central to this neuroinflammation in AD is the involvement of iron and its accompanying oxidative damage in AD etiology. Oxidative damage is one of the earliest pathological changes in AD…LPS [endotoxin] is known to induce inflammation.”

“These…data…suggest the possibility that LPS [endotoxin] in combination with other factors could cause AD neuropathology.”

The substances of stress – including everything that promotes estrogen and NO – increase the release of the polyunsaturated free fatty acids into circulation, which can then powerfully interact with excess iron released into the system, promoting rising levels of toxic breakdown products known to be another factor involved in the degenerative process.

“…biomarkers of lipid peroxidation (LPO) are elevated in AD brain…more recent studies have demonstrated increased LPO biomarkers in…subjects with mild cognitive impairment…the earliest clinically detectable phase of dementia and preclinical AD…”

Methylene Blue protects against endotoxin and estrogen, lowers systemic levels of NO and powerfully promotes the proper functioning of mitochondrial energy systems. The resulting improvement in thyroid metabolism – which in and of itself keeps NO at bay – and the subsequent reduction in free fatty acid release protects against oxidative damage to cells, lowers levels of toxic free radicals and reduces stress or excitotoxicity in the brain allowing for an improved supply of energy and greater protection against damage to the brain.

“The beneficial effect on cognitive function observed in AD patients after MB administration may be in part attributable to its influence on the cholinergic, serotonergic and glutamatergic systems. MB also improves mitochondrial respiration…Our study suggests that MB has disease-modifying activity in targeting tauopathy involving AD.”

When the brain is injured in any way – and when mitochondrial function is interfered with both locally or systemically – one of the brains important jobs producing large amounts of the highly protective steroid hormones (such as progesterone and testosterone) is impeded.

“…methylene blue has potential to enhance…clearance of amyloid beta…enhance autophagy…and enhance mitochondrial function…”

As a result of this, estrogen levels in the brain can increase significantly – relative to the protective substances – and this not only promotes an overall condition of stress and metabolic suppression throughout the whole system, it also directly moves the brain in the direction of neurodegeneration rather than a high energy regenerative state.

“…products of NO activity accumulate around the plaques of Alzheimer’s, and may play a role in the progression of the disease.”

“MB has been shown to attenuate the formations of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, and to partially repair impairments in mitochondrial function and cellular metabolism.”

All of the things that interfere with energy systems – including the polyunsaturated fats, NO and the substances of stress such as endotoxin, estrogen, serotonin and a few other inflammation promoters – are also directly related to the many issues surrounding blood sugar supply and regulation and the diseases of degeneration such as diabetes and heart disease.

Alzheimer’s has been demonstrated to be a condition of reduced brain glucose metabolism such that in some circles it has been renamed ‘Type 3 Diabetes’.

“We believe our studies demonstrate for the first time that reduced glucose availability in the central nervous system directly triggers behavioral deficits by promoting the development of tau neuropathology and synaptic dysfunction.”

For these and other reasons it seems as though in order to protect against – and improve symptoms of – dementia, it would make sense to attempt to do the things which allow for sufficient energy to be supplied to cells (and the brain specifically), encouraging the production of the protective steroid hormones, whilst at the same time minimizing stress and in particular avoiding digestive irritation from the consumption of foods which promote bacterial growth as well as the excessive release of a variety of metabolically suppressive substances.

“Low-dose methylene blue can increase functional MR imaging activity during sustained attention and short-term memory tasks and enhance memory retrieval.”

Some of the things which promote thyroid function (and inhibit NO) as well as increase the production of the anti-inflammatory protective substances include MB, aspirin, niacinamide, sugar, the saturated fats like dairy fat and coconut oil, red light. All of these are known to be helpful in the protection against and treatment of Alzheimer’s.

The factors promoting tissue injury and dementia include all the inflammatory, thyroid suppressing things which encourage the circulation of endotoxin, estrogen, serotonin, NO, free fatty acids. Things such as the restriction of sugar (or calories), the consumption of the polyunsaturated fats including fish oil, extreme endurance exercise and concussion, x-rays and other forms of radiation, carbon monoxide, too much exposure to blue light and excessive levels of stored iron.

A diet avoiding the polyunsaturated fats and minimizing the difficult to digest grains, seeds, nuts, legumes and under cooked vegetables with sufficient protein from milk and cheese and plenty of sugar from sweet ripe fruits, fruit juice and white sugar is one possible approach to improving the condition of the brain.

Keeping the digestive system free of excess bacteria with the use of raw carrots or activated charcoal and a couple of other safe methods is likely to be a useful additional tool.

So for general disease prevention make your way down to your local pet shop or aquarium.

See More Here

Protective role of methylene blue in Alzheimer’s disease via mitochondria and cytochrome c oxidase.

Therapeutic Approaches to Delay the Onset of Alzheimer’s Disease

Methylene blue reduces Aβ levels and rescues early cognitive deficit by increasing proteasome activity

Nitric oxide in neurodegeneration: potential benefits of non-steroidal anti-inflammatories.

Multimodal Randomized Functional MR Imaging of the Effects of Methylene Blue in the Human Brain.

Acute induction of anomalous and amyloidogenic blood clotting by molecular amplification of highly substoichiometric levels of bacterial lipopolysaccharide

Viscoelastic and ultrastructural characteristics of whole blood and plasma in Alzheimer-type dementia, and the possible role of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS)

The nitric oxide hypothesis of aging.

Gram-negative bacterial molecules associate with Alzheimer disease pathology

Methylene blue and Alzheimer’s disease.

Brain metabolic stress and neuroinflammation at the basis of cognitive impairment in Alzheimer’s disease

Critical role of acetylation in tau-mediated neurodegeneration and cognitive deficits

Methylene Blue Reduced Abnormal Tau Accumulation in P301L Tau Transgenic Mice

Methylene blue does not reverse existing neurofibrillary tangle pathology in the rTg4510 mouse model of tauopathy

“Lest we forget you — methylene blue…”

Glucose deficit triggers tau pathology and synaptic dysfunction in a tauopathy mouse model

Biomarkers of lipid peroxidation in Alzheimer disease (AD): an update

The stress response neuropeptide CRF increases amyloid‐β production by regulating γ‐secretase activity

Preliminary evidence of altered steroidogenesis in women with Alzheimer’s disease: Have the patients “OLDER” adrenal zona reticularis?

Inflammation and Oxidative Stress: The Molecular Connectivity between Insulin Resistance, Obesity, and Alzheimer’s Disease

How does brain insulin resistance develop in Alzheimer’s disease?

Alterations of the volatile metabolome in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease

Structural and functional rejuvenation of the aged brain by an approved anti-asthmatic drug

A 5-HT6 Antagonist as Adjunctive Therapy to Cholinesterase Inhibitors in Patients with Mild-to-Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease: Idalopirdine in Phase III (PL02.006)

Human GAPDH Is a Target of Aspirin’s Primary Metabolite Salicylic Acid and Its Derivatives

Critical Role of Acetylation in Tau-Mediated Neurodegeneration and Cognitive Deficits

Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor is subjected to glucose modification and oxidation in Alzheimer’s Disease



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